Irritable bowel syndrome
Gas (wind, farting). Passing of mucus from the back passage (rectum). Sudden urgent need to go to the toilet, which can lead to fecal incontinence if a lavatory is not at hand. Swelling/bloating of the abdomen. Most symptoms tend to worsen after eating. Typically, a patient will have a flare-up which may last from 2 to 4 days, and then symptoms either improve or go away completely. IBS signs and symptoms may vary considerably from patient to patient. They often resemble those of other diseases and conditions. Most individuals only have mild symptoms of IBS. However, symptoms may sometimes be severe and disabling. It is important to discuss symptoms with a doctor because they may occur with other diseases. IBS may also cause symptoms to appear in other parts of the body, apart from the bowel area. These may include: Burping Pain in the lower back Persistent fatigue Anxiety and/or depression may also occur in people with IBS, usually because of the discomfort and embarrassment that are often linked to the condition.
Sign up now It’s not known exactly what causes irritable bowel syndrome. The walls of the intestines are lined with layers of muscle that contract and relax in a coordinated rhythm as they move food from your stomach through your intestinal tract to your rectum. If you have irritable bowel syndrome, the contractions may be stronger and last longer than normal. Food is forced through your intestines more quickly, causing gas, bloating and diarrhea. In some cases, the opposite occurs. Food passage slows, and stools become hard and dry. Abnormalities in your nervous system or colon also may play a role, causing you to experience greater than normal discomfort when your intestinal wall stretches from gas. There are a number of other factors that may play a role in IBS. For example, people with IBS may have abnormal serotonin levels. Serotonin is a chemical messenger that’s normally associated with brain function, but it also plays a role in normal digestive system function. It’s also possible that people with IBS don’t have the right balance of good bacteria in the intestine. Triggers affect some people, not others For reasons that still aren’t clear, if you have IBS you probably react strongly to stimuli that don’t bother other people. Triggers for IBS can range from gas or pressure on your intestines to certain foods, medications or emotions. For example: Foods. Many people find that their signs and symptoms worsen when they eat certain foods.