What Are the Treatments for Diverticulitis & Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Alosetron (Lotronex) is a commonly prescribed nerve receptor antagonist. Your doctor may suggest that you take loperamide (Imodium) to treat diarrhea as well. Medication for Constipation A chloride channel activator is designed to increase the fluid in the intestines, preventing constipation associated with IBS. Lubiprostone (Amitiza) is a chloride channel activator that is approved to treat women age 18 and older who suffer from IBS-related constipation. According to the Mayo Clinic, Amitiza has not proven to effectively treat male patients with IBS. Medications for Pain and Cramping Anticholinergic medications are used to relieve bowel spasms associated with diarrhea or constipation. Anticholinergic medications are not specifically designed for IBS but are effective in both men and women, indicates the Mayo Clinic. Antispasmodic medications are also used to treat pain and spams. Hyoscyamine (Anaspaz) and dicyclomine (Bentyl) are antispasmodic medications. Medications for Emotional Symptoms IBS is unpredictable and difficult to control and many patients develop anxiety. Stress and anxiety can actually exacerbate symptoms of IBS. Your doctor may prescribe a mild sedative or tranquilizer to help you relax if anxiety is making your symptoms worse, states the American Academy of Family Physicians. An antidepressant may be prescribed to treat any prolonged stress stemming from or affecting your symptoms of IBS. Probiotics Probiotics are another form of medication used to treat IBS in both men and women.
But not all treatments are the same. Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the lining in the large intestine. IBS is a problem with the intestines that causes food to move too quickly or too slowly through the digestive tract. You Might Also Like Foods That Cause Pain in the Colon Diet High-fiber diets are often recommended for patients with IBS and many people recovering from diverticulitis. Soluble fiber, which helps treat diarrhea and constipation by forming a sticky substance to aid indigestion, is found in apples, beans and citrus fruit. Insoluble fiber helps the digestive process and is found in whole-grain breads, wheat bran and vegetables, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. However, patients with diverticulitis may be advised to avoid these foods for two to four days until symptoms improve. A liquid diet may be suggested. They will then be told to gradually reintroduce high-fiber foods into their diets. Some IBS patients report bloating and gas because of their sudden increase in fiber intake, so the diet may be introduced slowly. Medication Sometimes fiber supplements and laxatives are recommended during treatment for people with IBS. Antispasmodic medication helps these patients in controlling the colon muscle spasms and reducing abdominal pain. Diverticulitis patients are also given pain relievers and antibiotics to clear up any inflammation or infection, according to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse.