Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Emotional factors such as stress , anxiety or depression are not necessary to cause disease but still may play a role in IBS by worsening symptoms and interfering with the ability to cope with symptoms. Though IBS can cause a great deal of discomfort, it can almost always be managed and does not lead to any other serious diseases. With attention to proper diet, stress management , and sometimes prescription medications, most people with IBS can keep their symptoms under control. Symptoms The symptoms of IBS are: abdominal pain with gassiness, crampy pain, or bloating constipation feeling the need for a bowel movement after just having one feeling a strong urge to have a bowel movement, especially after eating Symptoms such as anemia , blood in the stool, weight loss and fever are not symptoms of IBS. If any of these is present, your doctor may need to do additional testing to look for their cause. In some patients, the symptoms of IBS can be aggravated by factors such as emotional conflict, stress, food, alcohol, caffeine, change in daily routine or a woman’s menstrual period. Diagnosis IBS is diagnosed based on clinical criteria only. There is no routine test or examination that can help make the diagnosis. A detailed medical history, with emphasis on symptoms and symptom frequency, is the most important and the only necessary part of an evaluation for IBS. Physical examination , laboratory tests such as a CBC (complete blood count), x-rays, or diagnostic procedures such as colonoscopy (examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon through a viewing instrument inserted into the rectum) are not needed to make a diagnosis of IBS but may be performed to ensure that other diseases are not present. Treatment The severity of IBS will determine the method of treatment. In general, treatment is aimed first at relieving the gastrointestinal symptoms. In some cases, however, emotional or psychological factors are also targeted as part of the treatment plan. It is important to emphasize that no single regimen works for most people with IBS.

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

For example, people with IBS miss work three times more than people without IBS and the condition is associated with absenteeism from school, decreased participation in activities of daily living, alterations of one’s work setting (shifting to working at home, changing hours), or giving up work altogether. What Are the Symptoms of IBS? Among the symptoms associated with IBS are: Diarrhea (often described as violent episodes of diarrhea). Constipation. Constipation alternating with diarrhea. Abdominal pains or cramps, usually in the lower half of the abdomen that are aggravated by meals and relieved by having a bowel movement. Often the person has more frequent bowel movements when they have pain and the stools are looser. Excess gas or bloating. Harder or looser stools than normal (rabbit like pellets or flat ribbon stools). Visible abdominal distension. Some people with IBS have other symptoms not related to their digestive tract, such as urinary symptoms or sexual problems.

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