Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Sometimes the patient feels only abdominal discomfort. Symptoms often disappear during periods of relaxation; Intesinal transit disorders are common. Their main feature is alternation of constipation with diarrhea. Typically, the stool is hard, fragmented, covered with mucus. Often a false diarrhea can occur, because after the emission of hard stool, will appear the emission of a liquid stools, which is characteristic for colonic irritation. Diarrheal stools occur most often in the form of compelling stools. Diarheal stools appear more often in the morning, postprandial or at emotions; Emission of mucus is common and accompanies the stools. In the clinical picture of irritable bowel syndrome, blood does not appear in stool, hard stools can create anal fissures that will bleed; Bloating is common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, the patient feels the bloating diffuse or localized in certain areas of the abdomen. Gas emissions may ease in a transitory way the suffering of the patient. Diagnosis The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is made by excluding organic disease of the colon, so based on laboratory exploration. There are certain criteria that suggest the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome called Manning criteria, these are: abdominal pain that fails after the the emission of stools; stools become more frequent and softer in the presence of pain; bloating, abdominal distension; sensation of incomplete evacuation of the rectum; elimination of mucus in the stool; imperative criteria of bowel movement. Paraclinical examination Paraclinical examination in irritable bowel syndrome are needed to exclude abdominal organic disease and consists of: Anoscopy, rectoscope, colonoscopy to detect colon organic pathology; Gastroscopy to exclude gastric pathology; Pelvic and abdominal ultrasound to exclude gallbladder, pancreas or genital pathology; Radiological evaluation of the intestine (entero-enema or barium-passage) or enteroscopy to exclude enteral pathology. The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is put on the exclusion of organic lesions in paraclinical explorations, and the Manning criteria for irritable bowel syndrome. Evolution Evolution of irritable bowel syndrome is favorable because complications will not arise. In general the disease evolves with time long quiet periods, accompanied by exacerbations, which are usually related to stress.

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What Should I Eat to Treat My IBS?

Thursday, 20 Jun 2013 04:26 PM By Peter Hibberd, M.D. Get Short Link Question: I have irritable bowel syndrome and dont know what to eat to make the symptoms go away. Ive been told I shouldnt eat salad. What should I eat? Dr. Hibberds answer: Irritable bowel symptoms usually respond well to a high-fiber diet. You can also take one teaspoon of Metamucil, or another fiber supplement, three times a day with an as-needed anti-spasm medication, such as Bentyl, after meals and at bedtime. All patients with IBS must have a colonoscopy to be sure there are no structural problems, such as polyps, or masses such as cancer, in the bowel. 2014 NewsmaxHealth. All rights reserved. Close

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National Institutes of Health: understanding Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Cartoon of a man grasping his belly, with a look of discomfort on his face.

It may be because were nervous about something, or perhaps we ate something that didnt agree with us. But if you regularly feel aches in your abdomen, it might be a sign of a disorder called irritable bowel syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome affects about 1 in 5 Americans. It occurs more often in women than men, and begins before the age of 35 in about half the people who get it. Theres no medical test to identify irritable bowel syndrome. Instead, doctors make a diagnosis based on the patients symptoms. The most common symptoms include bloating and pain in the abdomen, along with changes in bowel habits. People with irritable bowel syndrome may have constipation, diarrhea or both. Irritable bowel syndrome doesnt lead to cancer or other health problems. But its discomfort can be difficult to live with. The severe or frequent abdominal pain it can bring often leads people to visit a doctor. Physicians and researchers dont know for sure what causes irritable bowel syndrome. One possibility is that it comes from changes in the way that the brain and the gut communicate. Dr.

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